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Construction Materials

 Construction materials are an integral part of construction or renovation work. In the modern market, products of this segment are offered in a wide range, which is sometimes even difficult to decide on a suitable product option. The building materials of each individual group differ in structure, technical and operational characteristics, purpose, appearance, and other properties. What materials are there and how to select them correctly for a specific construction project?

building materials

Popular building materials

Building materials are conventionally divided into several categories. Depending on their purpose, they are classified as follows:

  1. Materials for the construction of structures (structures). This group includes: reinforced concrete panels, bricks, foam concrete blocks, wooden beams, and other means.
  2. Mounting products (elements of connection and fasteners of building materials). These are mortars (based on cement), assembly adhesives, fasteners (nails, dowels, screws).
  3. Insulating materials - roofing material, foam plastic, glass wool, other waterproofing, heat-insulating and sound-insulating materials.
  4. Roof coverings and systems. This category of building materials includes: slate, tiles, sheet metal, elements of arrangement of drainage systems.
  5. Rough finishing materials - gypsum plasterboards, plaster and priming mixtures, reinforcement, floor screeds, etc.
  6. Finishing (decorative) finishing materials. These are natural (artificial) stone, ceramic tiles, decorative plaster or wallpaper for wall surfaces. For the floor - parquet board, linoleum, other coatings. For ceilings - suspended and tension structures.

It is recommended to purchase any building materials in specialized stores that are ready to provide the consumer with quality certificates, other documents confirming the compliance of the product with modern building standards. Even when purchasing assembly glue, you should make sure of its quality and originality. Otherwise, after a certain period of time, repairs will have to be done.

The main criteria for the selection of building materials.

building materials

Despite the thousands of positions of building materials offered on the modern market, and having characteristic differences, there are basic criteria for choosing products. When purchasing them, the following technical and operational characteristics are primarily assessed:

  • the duration of the operational period;
  • ease of installation and suitability for repair;
  • operational features;
  • resistance to mechanical, chemical and natural influences (wind loads, moisture, water, steam, rodents, insects, temperature extremes, chemicals, etc.).
  • ecological safety for the environment;
  • product quality;
  • cost.

There are a number of specific criteria depending on the location of the construction site:

  • climatic conditions in the region;
  • depth of groundwater passage;
  • soil structure, relief features, seismic activity;
  • temperature range;
  • prevailing winds;
  • annual precipitation;
  • the presence of highways, railways and airfields near the object.

It is recommended to buy building material exclusively from well-known manufacturers who have proven themselves in the construction market, who are able to guarantee the high quality of their own products. Preference should be given to proven brands with appropriate licenses to manufacture products.


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