Low back pain is a high-incidence musculoskeletal disorder that has been causing worsening of the patient's functional capacity and many impacts on public health. Currently, it is considered one of the biggest pain complaints we receive, especially by women.
According to Oliveira (2020), low back pain affects 65% of the population annually and 84% of people at some point in life. In addition, it has been generating significant social impacts, reaching - mostly - individuals from the age of thirty Physiotherapist.We know that from that age, the hydration of the disc decreases, also reducing its capacity to support tensile loads. Thus, the individual is more susceptible to trauma.
Therefore, it is extremely important to understand the causes of the appearance of this condition, to evaluate each case and, of course, to know how to perform a good treatment for low back pain. Keep reading to find out more about this issue!
The anatomy of the region and the causes of low back pain
The lumbar vertebrae have a different anatomical structure, with the widest vertebral body, and are the largest vertebrae in terms of spinal dimension. Anatomically, they have this configuration to perform the support of tensile loads.This lumbar segment is composed of five vertebrae and has a physiological curvature called lordosis. In addition, it performs flexion, extension, lateralization and little rotation movements.
- Discomfort in the lumbar vertebrae
- It can affect breathing
- Muscle stiffness
- Rigid musculature